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MS-ESS3-3 (Science (CA NGSS))

Standard Identifier: MS-ESS3-3
Content Area: Science (CA NGSS)
Grade Range: 6–8
Disciplinary Core Idea: ESS3.C: Human Impacts on Earth Systems
Cross Cutting Concept: CCC-2: Cause and Effect: Mechanism and Explanation
Science & Engineering Practice: SEP-6: Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions
Content Area: Earth and Space Science

Title: MS-ESS3 Earth and Human Activity

Performance Expectation: Apply scientific principles to design a method for monitoring and minimizing a human impact on the environment.* [Clarification Statement: Examples of the design process include examining human environmental impacts, assessing the kinds of solutions that are feasible, and designing and evaluating solutions that could reduce that impact. Examples of human impacts can include water usage (such as the withdrawal of water from streams and aquifers or the construction of dams and levees), land usage (such as urban development, agriculture, or the removal of wetlands), and pollution (such as of the air, water, or land).]

Disciplinary Core Idea(s):
ESS3.C: Human Impacts on Earth Systems Human activities have significantly altered the biosphere, sometimes damaging or destroying natural habitats and causing the extinction of other species. But changes to Earth’s environments can have different impacts (negative and positive) for different living things. Typically as human populations and per-capita consumption of natural resources increase, so do the negative impacts on Earth unless the activities and technologies involved are engineered otherwise.

Science & Engineering Practices: Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions Apply scientific principles to design an object, tool, process or system.

Crosscutting Concepts: Cause and Effect Relationships can be classified as causal or correlational, and correlation does not necessarily imply causation. Connections to Engineering, Technology, and Applications of Science: Influence of Science, Engineering, and Technology on Society and the Natural World The uses of technologies and any limitations on their use are driven by individual or societal needs, desires, and values; by the findings of scientific research; and by differences in such factors as climate, natural resources, and economic conditions. Thus technology use varies from region to region and over time.

California Environmental Principles and Concepts:
Principle I The continuation and health of individual human lives and of human communities and societies depend on the health of the natural systems that provide essential goods and ecosystem services. Principle II The long-term functioning and health of terrestrial, freshwater, coastal, and marine ecosystems are influenced by their relationships with human societies.

California Common Core State Standards Connections:
ELA/Literacy WHST.6-8.7: Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions that allow for multiple avenues of exploration. WHST.6–8.8: Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources (primary and secondary), using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation. Mathematics 6.RP.1: Understand the concept of a ratio and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities. 6.EE.6: Use variables to represent numbers and write expressions when solving a real-world or mathematical problem; understand that a variable can represent an unknown number, or, depending on the purpose at hand, any number in a specified set.

DCI Connections:
Connections to other DCIs in this grade-band: MS.LS2.A; MS.LS2.C ; MS.LS4.D Articulation across grade-bands: 3.LS2.C; 3.LS4.D; 5.ESS3.C; HS.LS2.C; HS.LS4.C; HS.LS4.D; HS.ESS2.C; HS.ESS2.D; HS.ESS2.E; HS.ESS3.C; HS.ESS3.D

Questions: Curriculum Frameworks and Instructional Resources Division | | 916-319-0881